Extreme Heatwave Sweeps Across Pakistan and India

by Ehsaan Batt

Extreme Heatwave Sweeps Across Pakistan and India

A severe heatwave has gripped large parts of Pakistan and India, causing record-breaking temperatures and increasing health-related incidents. Here is a detailed report on the current situation.

Rising Temperatures Across Pakistan

Rising Temperatures Across Pakistan

Record Highs

The heatwave has caused temperatures to soar to unprecedented levels across Pakistan:

  • Dadu: Recorded a scorching 51°C.
  • Nawabshah and Sibi: Both cities hit 50°C.
  • Jacobabad and Sukkur: Reached 49°C.
  • Hyderabad, Bahawalpur, and Rahim Yar Khan: Temperatures hit 47°C.
  • Faisalabad and Multan: Reported 45°C.
  • Lahore: The mercury touched 40°C.
  • Peshawar: Recorded 41°C.
  • Karachi: Close behind with 42°C.
Record Highs

Urban Heat Impact

The urban areas are experiencing severe heat stress due to the phenomenon of urban heat islands, which exacerbate the already high temperatures. This has led to a significant impact on daily life and increased health risks.

Health Impact and Precautions

Health Impact and Precautions

Rise in Diarrhea Cases

The extreme heat has led to a surge in diarrhea cases:

  • Over 3,000 patients reported in a single day across government hospitals.
  • Gujranwala: 269 cases.
  • Bahawalpur: 257 cases.
  • Lahore: 208 cases.
  • Nankana Sahib, Rawalpindi, Muzaffargarh, Khushab, and Bahawalnagar: Reported numerous cases.

Health experts attribute this rise to dehydration and the consumption of contaminated food and water. They advise increasing water intake, avoiding outside food, and taking measures to stay cool, such as wearing full sleeves and seeking shade.

Future Weather Predictions

Expected Relief

According to meteorological forecasts, there is hope for relief:

  • A drop in temperatures by 2-3 degrees is expected in the coming days.
  • Some regions might experience winds and rain spells starting from June 3.

Long-term Outlook

While there is a short-term promise of relief, the overall trend suggests persistent heat, emphasizing the need for long-term strategies to combat the effects of climate change.

Heatwave in India

Heatwave in India

New Delhi’s Record Temperatures

The Indian capital, New Delhi, is also facing extreme heat:

  • Recorded a high of 52.9°C.
  • The heatwave has caused significant distress among the population, especially laborers working outdoors.

Measurement Controversies

There have been debates regarding the accuracy of temperature measurements in New Delhi, with some attributing discrepancies to technical malfunctions.

Health Impacts

The heatwave has already claimed lives, highlighting the urgent need for preventive measures and public awareness.


Q: What are the highest recorded temperatures in Pakistan during this heatwave?

A: The highest recorded temperature is 51°C in Dadu.

Q: How is the heatwave affecting public health?

A: There has been a significant increase in heat-related illnesses, especially diarrhea, with over 3,000 cases reported in a single day.

Q: What precautions can people take to stay safe during the heatwave?

A: Increase water intake, avoid consuming outside food, wear protective clothing, and seek shade whenever possible.

Q: What relief is expected in the coming days?

A: A slight drop in temperatures by 2-3 degrees and potential rain spells starting from June 3.

Q: How is New Delhi affected by the heatwave?

A: New Delhi has recorded temperatures as high as 52.9°C, with significant impacts on outdoor workers and public health.

Q: Are there controversies regarding temperature measurements in New Delhi?

A: Yes, there are debates about the accuracy of these measurements, with some attributing discrepancies to technical issues.

The heatwave continues to challenge both countries, necessitating immediate and coordinated responses to protect public health and ensure safety.

The current heatwave sweeping across Pakistan and India underscores the urgent need for climate resilience and effective heat management strategies. Authorities and individuals must take immediate action to mitigate the health risks associated with such extreme temperatures.